Future Of Kashmir
According to the historical texts, in the middle of the 12th century, the Kashmir valley was earlier lake, the son of Brahma, the great Rishi Kashyap, the son of Marichi, told the Brahmin to transfer the distance of the hills at Barmullah (Varah-Moulnah) after cutting the distance of the hills, and told the Brahmin, and the entire Goddess of Saturn Ejecting the water. Lord Shiva’s wife, located in present-day Kashmir valley.
The collection of dwellings constructed by the main town or the erosion of the lake, Kashyap-Purah or other sources was known as Kashyap-Mark.
The territory of Kashmir has been invaded, invaded and conquered by its successive dynasties and rulers during its history – The Gonanda, the Maurya, the Kushan,
State of the state including Kashmir and Jammu under the Gondia, The Who, Karakota, The Utpal, The Kutumbami, The Divara, The Lohra, The Courner and Dogra.
- Circular one: status quo
For more than 50 years, Kashmir is on the surface of India and Pakistan. Currently the border – control line – divides this area into two parts, one part is run by India and one by Pakistan. India will choose to report this status quo and make it an acceptable international border. But Pakistan and Kashmiri activists reject this plan because they both want to get more control over this region.
In 1947-8, India and Pakistan fought their first war against Jammu and Kashmir. Under the supervision of the United Nations, they agreed to a ceasefire with one line, in which one-third of the state was left – in which Pakistan called Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and Pakistan-run northern areas and two-thirds, Jammu, Ladakh and Kashmir valley, Powered by India
In the year 1972, under the terms of the Shimla Agreement, the name of the control line control of the ceasefire line named.
Although India claims that the whole state is a part of India, it is ready to accept the Line of Control as the international border, with some possible changes. US And the UK Both have favoured turning the Line of Control into an internationally accredited border.
But Pakistan has accepted the Line of Control as the border. Mainly because of the Muslim Kashmir Valley as part of India. Forming a status quo is not a reason for the aspirations of Kashmiris. Who have been fighting for independence for whole or in part of the state since 1989.
- Two conditions: Kashmir joins Pakistan
Pakistan has favoured this as the best solution to the dispute. Considering the majority of the state’s Muslim population, they believe that they will vote to be part of Pakistan. However, the same democracy held in one region, which has a cultural, religious and ethnic diversity of people, will make an unsuccessful minority. Hindu and Ladakh Buddhists of Jammu have never expressed the desire to join Pakistan and will oppose the result.
In 1947, India and Pakistan agreed that the devotion of the state of Jammu and Kashmir will decided by a Lokpal. If the majority of Pakistan voted in favour, the entire state would have been a part of Pakistan. This does not seem to be an option anymore.
The problem of choosing a union with Pakistan or India does not take into account the movement for independence, which supported by political and terrorist activists since 1989. India has long rejected the idea of allocation as a tool to settle Kashmir. Issue
Instead, the government argues that people have used the right to self-determination by taking part in the elections in the state.
Although the Governor-General of India, in 1947, the recommendation of support by Lord Mountbatten. And the United Nations Security Council, the demand for the referendum is to be held; some still believe that it is a way of turning Kashmiris to use their own right. –Certainty.
- Three states: Kashmir joins India
Due to this type of solution, this region is unlikely to bring stability. Because the Pakistani administration does not show any desire to become a part of India, including the Muslim residents of Jammu and Kashmir, the northern regions.
In 1947, the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir agreed to allow the state to be part of India. Subsequently, India and Pakistan agreed to enter into a contract to confirm the country that wants to join Kasab’s citizens. The Indian government believed that under the influential leadership of the majority of the population. Sheikh Abdullah, Muslims would vote for joining India with its secular constitution instead of Pakistan.
If folklore held and most people voted in favor of India, then Pakistan would have to leave the northern region and the narrow strip of Jammu and Kashmir, which had captured the military force in 1947-8.
India has rejected the same folklore’s idea as a tool to determine the future of Jammu and Kashmir’s state. She believes that people had made her choice by participating in the elections within the state.
Without including the third option of independence from both India and Pakistan, the referendum also fails to satisfy the demand of Kashmiris seeking complete independence.
- Four views: Independent Kashmir
The difficulty of adopting this as a possible solution is that it is necessary for India and Pakistan to leave the territory, which they are not ready to do. Most of India and Pakistan will probably oppose both of them due to any public opinion or opinion that is likely to go to polls for independence. It will rejected by the residents of the state. Who are in their position as part of the country, for which they already have loyalty.
An independent Jammu and Kashmir will also accelerate the demand for independence from other states. In both India and Pakistan and lead to “Balkanization” of this region.
In the 1960s, discussions between India and Pakistan on Jammu and Kashmir, a group of Kashmiris demanded that. The whole state should be independent as it was before the entry of Maharaja of India in 1947.
The movement for the independence of the whole state mainly supported by Kashmiris. Who live in the more populated Kashmir valley and would like to vacate both the areas of India and Pakistan. They claim on the fact that the state was previously an independent state, geographically more than the United Nations’ 68 countries. And has more than 90 population.
This movement not supported by India or Pakistan, which will lose both territories. And considering the potential regional instability, independent Kashmir also not supported by the international community.
- Five settled: Small independent Kashmir
Kashmir can be made independent of Kashmir valley – currently under the Indian administration – and the narrow strip of Pakistan’s land. Which Azad calls to Jammu and Kashmir. Due to this, the region and Ladakh under the control of Pakistan. And India will leave important areas of the strategic border, China border, respectively. Although there is no possibility of a debate between India and Pakistan, this perspective will be as a possible result.
If, as a result of a regional plebiscite, which offered the option of independence. The majority of the inhabitants of the Kashmir valley chose independence. And the majority of the inhabitants of Pakistan-administered Jammu and Kashmir (excluding the Northern Areas) Independence, a small, independent Kashmir could created by administratively joining these two areas together.
This would leave the predominantly Muslim Northern Areas as part of Pakistan and Buddhist Ladakh and the majority of Hindus as part of India. With the possibility that some Muslim districts of Jammu may also opt to join the independent state.
Although Pakistan has demanded a change in the status of the Kashmir Valley. It depends on the water from the Mangla Reservoir in Pakistan-administered Jammu and Kashmir and will not allowed to lose the area of control.
India still committed to retaining the Kashmir Valley as part of the Indian Union. And has refused to consider holding a plebiscite in any part of the state.
Regardless of the aspirations of the residents, to date, neither country has contemplated a situation where the end result will affected.
Kashmir’s Problems Need a Political Solution
There is no end to the ongoing turmoil in Kashmir. Although curfew lifted in many places, violence remains unstable. The nature of violence also taken on the new dimension; Against the establishment, which was primarily handmade with separatists with the backing of Pakistan. This time around ordinary civilians including women and children have been going on the streets to protest against the excesses of security forces. Both the state government and the Indian government seem to have a confidence mark.
Unbalanced violence has already claimed 60 lives of innocent people. Many of them young children and over 100 people have serious injuries due to unclear use of pellet guns. Security forces also seem to be at the end of their intelligence. As they are unable to come out with stone-throwing counter strategies.
Curfew, which lasted for more than 57 days, has brought the whole valley t the full-fledged condition. It noted that many anti-India people openly use small children as a cannon fodder for security forces. For the first time in the dreadful history of Jammu and Kashmir (Jammu and Kashmir). The whole Muslim population has been completely eroded with the state.
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